What is environmental degradation, causes and effects

We know that our environment is being squeezed by the different pressures we give it. The natural ecosystem is being disturbed very wildly resulting in the degradation of the environment. Let us check what environmental degradation is, its causes and effects. Effects of environmental degradation focus on atmosphere, human health and nature.

What is Environmental Degradation?

Environmental degradation means reduction in the quality of the environment due to man made and natural factors. The resources get depleted and the quality of air, water and soil diminishes. The natural habitat, the forests, the water sources gets destroyed and polluted. It is caused directly or indirectly by anthropogenic activities. So therefore environmental degradation is wide term that is influenced by various factors like deforestation, desertification, global warming, animal extinction, formation of acid rain, pollution and drastic change in climate. Some of the natural causes of environment degradation are earthquakes, wildfires, volcanic eruptions, hurricanes, landslides, tornado, tsunami and cyclones.




Environmental degradation is a global issue and can be devastating. The environment that we live in can be disturbed completely owing to severe changes. This can prove to be a threat to the upcoming generations. So the national and the international government should work together for a noble cause to save the environment. Awareness programs should be conducted among all levels in the society so that people will be aware of what environment degradation is and its negative impact. Awareness should be nurtured at school level so that the children are aware about their surroundings. Proper and strict measures should be adopted by the government globally to check and decrease pollution. The companies and the industries should be Ecofriendly. The waste secreted by these industries should be properly recycled. Waste dumping in landfills should be banned; every house should sort their waste accordingly and hand over to the respective recycling industries. Environmental friendly and biodegradable products should be promoted. The use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides should be minimized so as to reduce soil pollution. All these put together can reduce environment degradation to a great extent. Some of the common environmental programs setup to conserve the environment are climate application project (CLIMAP), global atmospheric watch (GAW), earth resource satellite (ERS), international global atmospheric chemistry program (IGAC), geophysical monitoring of climate change (GMCC), global energy and water cycle experiment (GEWEX), stratosphere aerosol and gas experiment (SAGE), joint global ocean flux study (JGOFS) and world climate research program (WCRP).