What are Landfills – Structure, causes, effects and facts

We have already seen that Landfill is a main cause of greenhouse effect and of greenhouse gases. Let us see what landfills are, its criteria of construction, its structure, causes and effects. We shall also discuss a few facts about Landfills.

What are Landfills?

Landfills are waste disposal system in where the waste is burnt or buried. This is the most common and easiest form in waste disposal. In other words, landfills are designated and designed to dump trash, garbage and all other forms of waste. Most of the waste dumped are buried and some of the landfills are used as a part of integral part waste management system. Some are even left unattended which is a major threat to the environment.

 
 

CRITERIA FOR CONSTRUCTION OF LANDFILLS

 
 

LANDFILLS STRUCTURE

 
 

CAUSES OF LANDFILLS

 
 

EFFECTS OF LANDFILLS

 
 

FACTS ABOUT LANDFILLS

To conclude, landfills are the primary reason for increasing the pollution rate globally. Due to increase in population, the landfills are bound to increase in future. Steps should be taken to curb these practices so as to reduce the landfills. Waste can be properly sorted and given to the respective recycling industries rather than dumping it in the landfills. The 3 R’s i.e. reduce; reuse and recycle should be implemented strictly. Organic farming can be practices so as to reduce the use of fertilizers and pesticides. The government should take strict action against illegal dumping in the landfills. If all these measures are adopted, the landfills can be reduces considerably thus saving the environment.

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