What is waste management, steps, methods and advantages

We have already seen what waste is, its classification and harmful effects of improper waste management. Here, we will see what waste management is, the steps involved in it, methods and advantages of waste management.

Waste management is broad term that includes treatment of solid waste and effectively recycling them without increasing the thrash. It is an effective frame work in which reduces pollution to a great extent. Waste management is a solution to many problems rather than an issue. It is a cyclic process that can be broadly classified into 5 steps. The different steps in waste management include monitoring, collection, transportation, processing and recycling.


  1. Monitoring :
    This is the first step in the waste management. Monitoring of waste includes a few processes like identification of waste and assessment of waste. Even if it is commercial or household waste it has to be properly monitored and accessed so that it can be wisely disposed to recycling centers.
  2. Collection :
    The next step in effective waste management is collection. Here the waste are collected from landfills and recycling centers. Now it is properly sorted as recycling plastics, glass, cardboard, paper, metal, aluminium, and so on. After it is being sorted it is being collected and sorted, it is being taken to the respective recycling industries or units.
  3. Transportation :
    This is the next step in the process is transportation which is done by vehicles. They carry waste from the collection centers, Landfills, dumping grounds and sorting points and are taken to the final destination. All these are done by vehicles. Transportation plays a major role in effective waste management.
  4. Processing :
    This is a major step in waste management. After the waste is being sorted and cleaned, it is broken down into bits for faster and speedy recycling. In case of hazardous waste, it has to be separately dealt with and handled with atmost care.
  5. Recycling :
    This is the last step in the process. After processing, the final product is ready to be recycled. Biodegradable and organic green waste should be used to make organic manure of taken to the landfills. The rest should be completely recycled so as to reduce pollution to an extent. New thins can be made with minimal use of available resources. This can also prevent depletion of resources. Read about Paper Recycling & Plastic Recycling.



To conclude, effective waste management is an asset to the economy. A lot of environmental problems like water pollution, air pollution, land pollution, emission of green house gases can be reduced to a great extend. More technical advancement should be made in this field so that more waste can be recycled effectively. Government should conduct more awareness programs so that more people will be aware about the benefits of proper waste management. Effective waste management should start at every household. It can be practiced a daily basis which in turn reduces the waste considerably.